“Reading and writing are subversive acts by default. […] this activity develops in societies a critical spirit about the world as it is.
Why do you think that all dictatorships have tried to control literature? […] They have established systems of censorship. They have given special laws to put limits to the fantasy world that literature creates—because they mistrust very much this activity that is producing stories to replace the real world with the fantasy world of literature.
[…] writers don’t need to be politically inclined to make a criticism. Literature itself is critical of the real world.
The critical spirit […] is developed by presenting readers with worlds that are better, more coherent, more rich—in which life has possibilities that real life, the real world, doesn’t have.
And the greatest contribution of literature to the world, is when it gives us ideas that are very critical of the world as it is.”
Mario Vargas Llosa