“There are frequent debates about what constitutes great literature, and no little disputation. Today, the prevailing and authoritative view combines an ideological filter with anthropological filter to separate “important” literature from the herd of common books.
The ideological filter is materialism: only things that can be measured are real, and these operate according to fixed imperatives.
The anthropological filter is psychological: human freedom is an illusion; psychosexual imperatives determine human behavior and beliefs. …
Great literature starts with a true depiction of the human condition, but this true depiction is radically different from that of the materialists. Great literature must be well conceived, well crafted, and well written; a transcendent perspective by itself isn’t enough. The author needs to connect us with their fictional world in a way that provokes thought, reflection, and, as Tolkien argued, application to our own experiences.”